Acute Liver Failure

Authors: Dean A Kerslake / Editor: Clifford J Mann / Reviewer: Mohamed Elwakil, Emma Everitt / Code: A3Published: 26/02/2021

Description:

This session covers the assessment and management of patients with acute liver failure.

After completing this session you will be able to:

  • Define acute liver failure and describe its pathophysiology
  • Elicit the likely cause of acute liver failure in a patient presenting to the emergency department
  • Assess the risk of morbidity and mortality in a patient presenting to the emergency department with acute liver failure
  • Order and interpret appropriate laboratory tests and imaging in patients with suspected acute liver failure
  • Institute appropriate management within the emergency department and describe the ongoing critical care management of a patient with acute liver failure

References:

  1. Polson J, Lee WM. AASLD position paper: the management of acute liver failure. Hepatology 2005;41:1179-1197.
  2. Stravitz RT, Kramer AH, Davern T. Intensive care of patients with acute liver failure:
    recommendations of the U.S. Acute Liver Failure Study Group. Crit Care Med 2007;35:2498-2508
  3. Trotter JF. Practical management of acute liver failure in the intensive care unit. Curr Opin Crit Care 2009;15:163-167

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