Multiple Sclerosis

Author: Fionn Bellis / Editor: Yasmin Sultan / Reviewer: Rasheed Kaja Mohammad, Mohamed Elwakil / Code: A5 / Published: 25/04/2023

This session describes the presentations, pathophysiology, management and treatment options for multiple sclerosis relevant to emergency medicine.

After completing this session you will be able to:

  • Describe the basic pathophysiology, disease progression and prognostic features of multiple sclerosis
  • Recognise the wide range of acute presentations of multiple sclerosis in previously-well patients
  • Explain how to manage the acute exacerbations of established multiple sclerosis to minimise complications
  • Evaluate treatment options in acute multiple sclerosis
  • Compare and contrast the features of acute multiple sclerosis with optic neuritis, acute transverse myelitis and acute disseminated encephalitis


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