Ultrasound: Physics and Basic Equipment Settings

Author: Heather Venables / Editors: John Sloan / Reviewer: Martin Dore, Emma Everitt / Code: A2, PP5, R1 / Published: 03/03/2022

This session focuses on the way ultrasound works and how to manipulate the ultrasound machine to obtain optimal images.

Learning Objectives:

By the end of this session you will be able to:

  • Explain the basic principles of ultrasound imaging
  • Recognise typical ultrasound appearances
  • Identify the key controls common to all ultrasound equipment
  • Describe how these controls may be optimised to produce a diagnostic image
  • Discuss key safety considerations


  1. Ultrasound training recommendations for medical and surgical specialties. Third Edition. The Royal College of Radiologists. June 2017.
  2. Standards for the Reporting and Interpretation of maging Investigations. Board of the Faculty of Clinical Radiology. The Royal College of Radiologists. 2006.
  3. BestBETs Ultrasound

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