Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Authors: Rachel Austin, Anu Mitra, Ursula Edirisinghe / Editor: Frances Balmer / Codes: / Published: 01/12/2021


Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common presentation to primary and secondary care. Untreated PID can cause infertility, chronic pelvic pain and an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy. Early recognition and treatment can reduce these complications.

This learning session will cover the pathophysiology, assessment and treatment of PID and equip you with the knowledge and confidence to manage this important presentation in the Emergency Department.

Learning Objectives:

  • Describe the pathophysiology and complications associated with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Identify risk factors associated with PID
  • Recognise the presenting features of PID
  • Investigate and manage PID in the emergency department according to national guidelines.


  1. RCOG. Management of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Guideline No.32. 2003. [Accessed 15/8/20]
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  3. Dey, Pranab. Handbook of Cervical Cytology: Special Emphasis on Liquid-based Cytology. 2018.
  4. BASHH, 2018 United Kingdom National Guideline for the Management of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. British Association for Sexual Health and HIV. 2018.
  5. Price M, Ades AE, Welton N et al. Pelvic inflammatory disease and salpingitis: incidence of primary and repeat episodes in England. Epidemiol Infect. 2017 Jan;145(1):208-215.
  6. Bhavsar AK, Gelner EJ, Shorma T. Common Questions About the Evaluation of Acute Pelvic Pain. Am Fam Physician. 2016 Jan 1;93(1):41-8.
  7. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. NICE CKS. (2019). [Accessed 15/8/20].

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