Breathlessness

Dyspnoea is an overall term used to describe an unpleasant awareness of increased respiratory effort and will be used synonymously with "breathlessness" in this session.
The child with decreased consciousness is a common problem with many possible diagnoses and potentially high mortality and morbidity.
This Reference focuses on the understanding, recognition and management of acute RHF.
This session concentrates on patients with actual or impending cardiopulmonary arrest.
This session covers the assessment and management of primary, secondary and tension pneumothoraces.
This session covers the diagnosis and initial management of a patient with acute aortic dissection.
Angioedema and Urticaria (hives) are part of a spectrum of allergic symptoms and occasionally have a non-allergic aetiology.
This session covers the assessment and management of broad complex tachycardia.
For each life-threatening thoracic injury this session includes: a definition and context, Clinical assessment , treatment and Key learning points.
This session looks at disorders of potassium metabolism, in particular the presentation of hypokalaemia and hyperkalaemia in the ED. It also covers the investigation and management of these conditions.
This session covers the assessment, treatment and management of patients presenting to the ED with primary blast injuries.
This session describes the management of presentations of non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage in the ED.
Necrotising fasciitis is a rare but severe soft tissue infection that requires a high index of suspicion for diagnosis in the ED.
The aim of this session is to have a quick recap of Brugada syndrome, identify key ECG features for diagnosis and learn about managing patients with the condition.
The physiological effects of hypothermia mean that the management of cardiac arrest requires an altered approach.
This session covers management of tachycardias in the Resuscitation Room. It builds on the Resuscitation Council UK ALS Guidelines (2021) using selected evidence.
This session is an overview of Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy and Childhood (SUDIC); the risk factors associated with SUDIC, our role in the ED and the investigative process thereafter.
This session is about the assessment and complex management of patients with pelvic injury in the emergency department.
This module focuses on community acquired pneumonia (CAP) which is by far the commonest form of pneumonia seen in the Emergency Department.
This session covers how to diagnose, assess and manage a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic State is a common presentation to the ED which can mimic many other disease processes.
This session covers the assessment and management of lower gastrointestinal (GI) haemorrhage.
In United Kingdom, approximately 76,000 patients sustain Cardiac Arrest following a non-traumatic cause in an inpatients and out-of-hospital settings
This session reviews the transfer of oxygen from the atmosphere to the body's tissues.
This session describes the pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of endocarditis.
Hypoxia is common in patients presenting to the ED and can be life-threatening. The differentials are wide and include cardiac, respiratory and haematological causes
Thyroid storm is a rare but life-threatening endocrine condition that should be considered, recognised and treated quickly
This session will explain what is meant by the term Human Factors and describe how Human Factors affect Patient Safety.
Recognising the clinical features of invasive meningococcal disease in children
This reference explores how to use point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) to assess patients presenting with shock to the Emergency Department.
Understanding the use of Echo in Life Support (ELS)
Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening, generalised or systemic hypersensitivity reaction characterised by rapidly developing life threatening airway, breathing and/or circulation problems usually associated with skin and mucosal changes
Myasthenia gravis does not present often to the Emergency Department. However, it can manifest as respiratory failure
This session will cover the principal modalities used in pre-hospital communication.
Intubation forms an integral role in the treatment of the critically ill or injured patients presenting to the ED with a failed or at-risk airway.
Approximately 800 heat related deaths occur annually in the UK. In 2003, a heat wave in Southern England resulted in over 1000 deaths
This session is about the evaluation of arterial blood gases in the emergency department.
Patients who suffer from an acute upper gastrointestinal (GI) haemorrhage are a common reason for presentation to the ED in the UK
This learning module covers the basics of what an LVAD is, the common complications an emergency medical team may have to deal with, and the management of a collapsed LVAD patient.
The relative incidence and mortality of shock varies greatly depending on the population and the cause.
Children commonly present to the emergency department with a febrile illness and a rash
Anyone who has ever worked in an ED on a Friday night knows that facial injuries are a common presentation
Eighty percent of children presenting with an acute onset of stridor and a cough have croup
This session provides an introduction to Brief Unexplained Resolved Events (BRUEs). It covers the definition, differential diagnoses, how to stratify patients into low or high risk and the subsequent management.
While the theory contained in this session provides useful knowledge about airway management, putting this knowledge into practice requires extensive supervised practical experience.
Status epilepticus (SE), a state of prolonged, uncontrolled seizures, is a common emergency department (ED) presentation that is potentially life-threatening.
Patients frequently attend the emergency department (ED) with episodes of cutaneous and mucosal swelling.
The aim of procedural sedation is to relieve a patient's anxiety towards and facilitate their cooperation for a potentially painful procedure
Patients who present with CPO have a poor long term outcome but their short term mortality can be improved by early correct management.
This document covers FAST, Assessment of the Abdominal Aorta and IVC, Vascular Access and Echocardiography in Life Support.
Gall Bladder, specifically gallstone, disease is the commonest abdominal complaint causing hospital admission in the developed world.
Impetigo, erysipelas, cellulitis and necrotising fasciitis represent a spectrum of soft tissue infections
Emergency Physicians must be confident managing the post-cardiac arrest patient with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) to continue high quality care once initial resuscitation succeeds.
This session focusses on the emergency department care of patients post-cardiac arrest i.e. after the return of spontaneous circulation.
This session covers ACES scans which can provide crucial information in undifferentiated shocked patients.
CNS infections are relatively rare, but form a very important differential diagnosis in the unwell patient presenting to the ED.
This session provides training in chest drain insertion. It looks at the indications for carrying out this procedure, as well as how to prepare for it, and shows a chest drain being inserted. Post-procedure management and complex cases are also covered
Cystic Fibrosis is caused by a mutation in a gene that encodes cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein, which is expressed in many epithelial and blood cells.
This session deals with the assessment and management of bradycardias in the ED.
The usual response to submersion is a voluntary breath hold, to prevent aspiration of water.
Patients with airway compromise need prompt recognition and correction using basic airway techniques.